Analysis of Parametric Statistics Paper Assignment

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Analysis of Parametric Statistics Paper Assignment

Analysis of Parametric Statistics Paper Assignment

Assignment one at least two pages excluding the reference page, Assignment two a fifteen-page synthesis paper, I have included part of what I have compiled so far. Any references have to be within the past five years and from peer reviewed journals.

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Analyzing Parametric Statistics Assignment As a practice scholar, you are searching for evidence to translate into practice. In your review of evidence, you locate a quasi-experimental research study as possible evidence to support a practice change. You notice that the study aims to make a prediction that relates to correlation between study variables. The study sample size is large and normally distributed. Reflect upon this scenario to address the following. • • • In your appraisal of the evidence, you note that an independent variable is not present and that a Spearman’s ranked correlation is used to analyze data. Is this the correct level of correlational analysis? Explain your rationale. Are association and correlational analysis equivalent in determining relationships between variables? Do these findings impact your decision about whether to use this evidence to inform practice change? Why or why not? Evidence Synthesis and Tables Purpose The purpose of this assignment is to document sources of research evidence and nonresearch evidence that address a national practice problem, including the level and quality of each source of research evidence. A synthesis of the evidence is conducted to determine the overall strength and quality of the evidence. The development of an evidence table and synthesis are foundational to inform actions and decisions to improve practice outcomes. Construction of an evidence table and synthesis supports professional formation of the DNP-prepared nurse. Course Outcomes This assignment enables the student to meet the following course outcomes. • • • • • Compare and contrast differences and similarities of qualitative, quantitative, and mixed method designs. Analyze qualitative and quantitative data for the purposes of critical appraisal of evidence. Appraise systematic reviews for translation science. Evaluate selected statistical methods for the purposes of critical appraisal of evidence. Synthesize literature relevant to practice problems. DUE DATE: Sunday, 11:59 p.m. MT at the end of Week 6. The late assignment policy applies to this assignment. TOTAL POSSIBLE POINTS: 300 Preparing The Assignment Follow these guidelines when completing each component of this assignment. Contact your course faculty if you have questions. It is each student’s responsibility to save and maintain all artifacts. The assignment will include the following components. 1. A. Title Page B. Introduction 1. Purpose Statement 2. Analysis of Parametric Statistics Paper Assignment

Practice Problem Identification (Synthesis of research study evidence and nonresearch evidence.) 3. Sources of Research Evidence (identified in Weeks 1, 2, and 3 Discussion as in-text citations) C. Implications of the Practice Problem at the National Level and Local Level (Synthesis of research study evidence and non-research evidence.) 1. Significance 2. Prevalence 3. Economic Ramifications D. Conduct a synthesis of research evidence and non-research evidence to address: 1. Main points/salient messages that emerge from the sources (Synthesis of 3 research study evidence and 3 non-research evidence. 2. Compare and contrast main points from all sources (Synthesis of 3 research study evidence and 3 non-research evidence.) 3. Objective discussion of facts (Synthesis of 3 research study evidence and 3 non-research evidence.) E. Appraisal of the evidence to address the selected practice problem (1–2 paragraphs) 1. Level of Evidence 2. Quality Rating of Evidence 3. Suitability of the Evidence to Address the Practice Problem F. Summary Tables of Evidence to Address the Selected Practice Problem Using theJohns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice Evidence Summary Tool (Links to an external site.) 1. 1 Qualitative Research Study (identified in Week 1 Discussion) 2. 1 Quantitative Research Study (identified in Week 2 Discussion) 3. 1 Systematic Reviews (identified in Week 3 Discussion) G. Conclusion 1. Summation of the impact of the practice problem at the national level and local level 2. Summation of the appraisal of evidence to address the practice problem 3. Summation of the evidence synthesis H. References 1. Reference page with complete references for the 3 sources of research evidence and a minimum of 3 sources of non-research evidence I. APA Style and Organization 1. APA Standards for scholarly papers 2. Grammar and mechanics 3. Level I Headings are included Appraising qualitative research The qualitative research study appraisal in this post will inform the selected practice problem in adult obesity treatment. The qualitative research study ‘Living with obesity — existential experiences (Links to an external site.)’ Analysis of Parametric Statistics Paper Assignment

(Ueland, Furnes, Dysvik, & Rørtveit, 2019) will be appraised. The provision of effective evidence-based care to obese patients in the primary care setting continues to pose challenges to providers despite having obesity focused clinical practice guidelines (Turner, Jannah, Kahan, Gallagher, & Dietz, 2018). Obesity, which is defined as a BMI ≥ 30 continues increasing in the United States, with consequent morbidity and mortality due to increased predisposition of patients to developing chronic conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, cancer, and osteoarthritis among others. Obesity also adds to an increased economic burden resulting from rising treatment costs and loss of human productivity due to disability (CDC, 2020). Does the research design answer the research question? This qualitative research study utilizes a combination of exploratory phenomenologicalhermeneutical design to examine the life experiences of participants living with obesity in their natural setting (Ueland, Furnes, Dysvik, & Rørtveit, 2019; Ingham-Broomfield, 2015). The design addresses research questions: How does the person living with obesity experience her or his own body? How does the person living with obesity experience (being) herself or himself? How does the person living with obesity experience her or his life? Obesity is complex, and it is perceived by individuals in personal unique ways. The phenomenological design helps obtain a deeper understanding of how obesity impacts individuals. This understanding will help provide individualized and holistic care to obese patients. The study questions in the design allow individuals to freely express their true natural feelings and perceptions about the impact of obesity in their lives without limitations. The raw data obtained by the researcher can be in written form, audio-recorded, and/or videotaped. The data is then subjected to serial analysis by multiple professionals to derive meaning relevant to the research study questions. The descriptive data obtained in this study was able to answer the research questions posed. Was the study sample participants representative? The study utilized a convenience sample comprising 18 participants:15 female and 3 male participants, out of a total of 30 that were solicited to participate in the study. A total of 18 participants is sufficient enough to constitute a representative sample for a qualitative study. Compare and contrast the study limitations in this study A convenient sample of 18 respondents, as identified by the researcher, was utilized in this study in a localized setting, which may not replicate in unrelated settings with different populations. It would be reasonable to conduct similar studies in different settings with sufficient data to apply in different settings. Also as indicated by the researcher, some individuals in this sample had diagnoses or conditions that might have influenced their responses. Such a limitation can be minimized by conducting similar studies in multiple settings. The sample utilized in this study lacked sufficient male representation and may be difficult to translate experiences lived by women with obesity two men living with obesity. Based on this evidence summary, would you consider this qualitative research study as support for you are selected practice problem? Analysis of Parametric Statistics Paper Assignment

Obesity is an existential burden to individuals living with it. Obesity treatments as informed by current treatment recommendations have not helped decrease the spread and burden of obesity in the United States. More holistic and patient-centered evidencebased treatment approaches need to be designed and utilized in managing obesity. This qualitative research study contributes evidence to inform my selected practice problem. References CDC. (2020, September 17). Adult obesity causes & consequences. Retrieved January 06, 2021, from https://www.cdc.gov/obesity/adult/causes.html Ingham-Broomfield, R. (2015). A nurses’ guide to qualitative research. Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing, 32(3), 34-40. Turner, M., Jannah, N., Kahan, S., Gallagher, C., & Dietz, W. (2018). Current knowledge of obesity treatment guidelines by health care professionals. Obesity, 26(4), 665-671. doi:10.1002/oby.22142 Ueland, V., Furnes, B., Dysvik, E., & Rørtveit, K. (2019). Living with obesity — existential experiences (Links to an external site.). International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, 14(1), 1651171. doi:10.1080/17482631.2019.1651171 Appraising a quantitative research study article Interventions to manage obesity, which is associated with multiple comorbidities including diabetes, chronic kidney disease, coronary artery disease, hypertension, degenerative joint disease, certain cancers, among others mainly focus on lowering the BMI, through physical activity and/or incorporating dietary changes (Dietz & Gortmaker, 2016). The fixation on BMI reduction many times makes providers give inaccurate information when advising obese patients (Hernández-Reyes et al., 2019). Sustained lifestyle changes such as the incorporation of physical activity, calorie reduction, and balanced diet consumption may lead to overall wellness that may not be manifested by weight reduction. Many patients become frustrated and give up when they do not see any significant change in their weight after implementing lifestyle changes. The providers who understand that the BMI may be an unreliable indicator of wellness are well-positioned to help their patients maintain and sustain their lifestyle changes during obesity treatment. There are gaps in studies addressing the impact of incorporating physical activity and diet changes on body metabolism and resulting changes in body fat content, muscle mass, blood sugar, and blood pressure, among other indicators of overall wellness. Increased body fat content as compared to BMI is associated with poor health outcomes (Hernández-Reyes et al., 2019). The article by Hernández-Reyes et al., (2019) ‘Changes in body composition with a hypocaloric diet combined with sedentary, moderate and high-intense physical activity: Analysis of Parametric Statistics Paper Assignment

A randomized controlled trial (Links to an external site.)’ is the quantitative study article selected to inform my practice problem of obesity treatment. This research which a randomized control research design answers the research question that aims to evaluate the impact of different physical activity levels on the body fat, free fat mass, and body weight in adult women with access weight or who are obese that consumed the same kind of diet (Hernández-Reyes et al., 2019). The sample comprised 60 60 Caucasian women participants selected from among 117 women participating in two obesity treatment clinics in Andalucia Spain. This sample is representative of the whole group of women, as this study had elevated attrition compared to similar studies (Hernández-Reyes et al., 2019). This study includes key components of a quantitative study including a concise abstract, introduction or background, purpose, study design, methods, findings, discussion, and conclusion (Astroth & Chung, 2018). Each section of the study is discussed, and key articles cited are not more than 5 years old. Based on the evidence summary collected, I would consider this quantitative research study to inform my selected practice problem, despite the limitation of having an all Caucasian female study sample. The study findings may help in addressing questions that may arise during obesity treatment sessions. References Astroth, K. S., & Chung, S. Y. (2018). Focusing on the fundamentals: Reading quantitative research with a critical eye. Nephrology Nursing Journal, 45(3), 283-286. Dietz, W. H., & Gortmaker, S. L. (2016). New strategies to prioritize nutrition, physical activity, and obesity interventions. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 51(5). doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2016.03.014 Hernández-Reyes, A., Cámara-Martos, F., Molina-Luque, R., Romero-Saldaña, M., Molina-Recio, G., & Moreno-Rojas, R. (2019). Changes in body composition with a hypocaloric diet combined with sedentary, moderate and high-intense physical activity: A randomized controlled trial. BMC Women’s Health, 19(1). Appraising systematic research reviews The systematic research review integrates and analyzes crucial findings from multiple qualitative or quantitative studies. A well-designed systematic research review helps collect and strengthen the evidence needed to answer specified research questions (Polit & Beck, 2017). The systematic research review selected for appraisal to inform my chosen practice problem is the ‘Effectiveness of gender-targeted versus genderneutral interventions aimed at improving dietary intake, physical activity and/or overweight/obesity in young adults (aged 17 to 35 years): a systematic review and meta-analysis’ (Links to an external site.) by Sharkey et al., (2020). The study analyzes multiple studies that attempt to answer the question, ‘What is the impact of gendertargeted compared to gender-neutral interventions (independent variables) on dietary intake, adiposity (body fat), and physical activity (dependent variables or outcomes) of overweight or obese young adults?’ A total of 107 randomized controlled trials met the study’s inclusion criteria out of the identified 21582 publications. Among those included, 30 of them were gender-targeted (n = 8 male-targeted and n = 22 female-targeted), whereas 77 were gender-neutral studies. The selected studies’ primary outcomes included adiposity, nutrition, physical activity, and combination interventions (Sharkey et al., 2020). Analysis of Parametric Statistics Paper Assignment

Gender-targeted interventions enhanced nutrition and physical activity outcomes. In contrast, gender-neutral interventions were effective in improving adiposity outcomes (Sharkey et al., 2020). This systematic review research design provides answers to the research question. The sample size is large enough and represents the number of articles of randomized control trials included in this review for the specified eligibility criteria. The study draws and analyzes data from multiple studies to identify and reveal cause-effect relationships more clearly to justify translation into practice, which is a crucial strength of this review (Wolf, 2015). Obesity is a complex phenomenon, and no single or multiple studies will yield a single cookie-cutter intervention that will result in the effective management of the disease. One limitation identified is that the study concentrates on aspects resulting in effective interventions without addressing other factors that might yield the same outcomes (Sharkey et al., 2020). Also, Sharkey et al. (2020) acknowledge that only studies reported in the English language met the inclusion criteria in their review, possibly excluding relevant resources published in other languages. These findings are worth considering in informing certain aspects of evidence translation in my selected practice problem, despite no significant differences between the two interventions after meta-analysis. Given the complexity of obesity treatment, individualized gender-targeted interventions might reasonably apply instead of genderneutral interventions for desirable patient outcomes. Gender-targeted interventions will be sufficient for patients who are motivated to lose weight to enhance their physical image. Males and females perceive the expected societal gender norms and appearances differently, influencing their weight management motivation (Sharkey et al., 2020). Also, studies indicate that males tend to apply more physical activity intervention measures, whereas females are more comfortable with controlling their diet in their weight loss endeavors (Sharkey et al., 2020). References Polit, D. F., & Beck, C. T. (2017). Chapter 29/Systematic reviews of research evidence: Meta-analysis, meta-synthesis, and mixed studies review. In Nursing research: Generating and assessing evidence for nursing practice (10th ed., pp. 647-674). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer. Sharkey, T., Whatnall, M. C., Hutchesson, M. J., Haslam, R. L., Bezzina, A., Collins, C. E., & Ashton, L. M. (2020). Effectiveness of gender-targeted versus gender-neutral interventions aimed at improving dietary intake, physical activity and/or overweight/obesity in young adults (aged 17–35 years): A systematic review and metaanalysis. Nutrition Journal, 19(1). doi:10.1186/s12937-020-00594-0 (Links to an external site.) Wolf, L. A. (2015). Analysis of Parametric Statistics Paper Assignment

Clinical Research: The importance of meta-analysis and systematic reviews in determining appropriate practice changes. Journal of Emergency Nursing, 41(4), 360-361. doi:10.1016/j.jen.2015.04.015 Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice Appendix G: Individual Evidence Summary Tool Practice Question: Adult obesity treatment: what are non-surgical treatment approaches to reduce BMI to 25-30 Kg/m2? Date: 01/04/2021 Article Number 1 Author and Date Sample, Sample Size, Setting Evidence Type Venke Ueland, Qualitative study Bodil Furnes, Elin Dysvik, & Kristine Rørtveit (2019) Permalink: https://doi.org/1 0.1080/174826 31.2019.16511 71 Findings That Help Answer the EBP Question Observable Measures Convenience Study questions. How sample; 18 the person living with respondents out obesity: the 30 that were – experience his/her approached body? participated. 15 – Experience women and 3 men; (being)herself/himself In natural setting. ? – Experience her/his life? ❑ N/ A Findings are described under descriptor themes: – Self-understanding – Common sense – Theoretical understanding Findings: – Feeling of alienation from self and others – Altered self perception – Inappropriate use of food to cope with loss. – Inappropriate response to cultural pressure Gender Age Occupation Chronic disorder or diagnosis © The Johns Hopkins Hospital/ The Johns Hopkins University 1 Limitations Evidence Level, Quality – Limited sample – Level III of convenience – Quality A/B in a limited (highly detailed) setting may not be able to replicate findings in other settings. – Some individuals in the sample had diagnoses impacting their responses. – Sample lacked adequate male representation to sufficiently inform about experiences of obese men. Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice Appendix G: Individual Evidence Summary Tool – Childhood trauma Addressing these issues revealed by the study may enable provider design appropriate and effective treatment approaches for their obese clients. ❑ N/A ❑ N/A ❑ N/A ❑ N/A ❑ N/A ❑ N/A Attach a reference list with full citatio © The Johns Hopkins Hospital/ The Johns Hopkins University 2 Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice Appendix G: Individual Evidence Summary Tool Article Number 2 Author and Date HernándezReyes, A., Cámara-Martos, F., Molina-Luque, R., RomeroSaldaña, M., Molina-Recio, G., & Moreno-Rojas, R. (2019) Evidence Type Sample, Sample Size, Setting Findings That Help Answer the EBP Question Observable Measures Quantitative The sample of 60 – Calorie reduction is – Number of type; participants sufficient to result in participants (n) experimental drawn from 117 short term weight – Age (yrs) design Analysis of Parametric Statistics Paper Assignment

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