annotated bibilography on the effects of spanking children
Complete an annotated bibilography on the effects of spanking children. This is a clear and concise summary (200 to 300 words) of ONE journal article, book, or other primary ACADEMIC source that will be used in your thesis paper. The submission must also include a brief critique of the source (e.g., how could the study be improved, criticism of the author(s) assertions, ideas for future studies, etc.).
annotated bibilography on the effects of spanking children
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Spanking children has always been an issue that has been hard to understand. Several factors and questions arise with this subject. Mainly researching if the acceptance of spanking children is very important and widely accepted thru many cultures. My research will focus on the causes and reasons for spanking children, and some of the long term affects spanking can have on children if any.
My research was all conducted from the Mesa Community College online library. I will be using several databases like ebrary, proquest, and academicOneFile. The search terms I will use are spanking children, is spanking effective, corporal punishment, How to discipline children effectively.
Attitudes predict the use of physical punishment: a prospective study of the emergence of disciplinary practices.Mar 27, 11
Vittrup, Brigitte, George W. Holden, and Jeanell Buck. “Attitudes predict the use of physical punishment: a prospective study of the emergence of disciplinary practices.” Pediatrics 117.6 (2006): 2055+. Academic OneFile. Web. 12 Mar. 2011.
This source is relevant because it discusses the amount of violence in our youth today. It also brings up the point that when watching family’s who use discipline methods, they must use them frequently at a young age. This source states 1 in 3 high school students had been in a fight. The credentials are the use of data from Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance. This source is somewhat specialized in the field of observing families, so they were able to watch over 100 families grow at different points in their life, and were able to see what discipline methods had been used. This was published February 2006, this is somewhat timely, although physical confrontation is something every schools face even today. This will point the message that using physical discipline will call for a lifetime of physical discipline.This is an academic journal which has been reviewed by its peers and still remains credited
Corporal Punishment of Children in Theoretical PerspectiveMar 27, 11
Donoghue , Denis. “Corporal Punishment of Children in Theoretical Perspective.” Yale University Press (2005): n. pag. Web. 12 Mar 2011.
This source is very relevant giving the other side of spanking children and places where it is more accepted by law like Texas. Putting out specific numbers like a third of the population in that area considered hitting a child with a belt or a paddle physical abuse. This source is credited because all the information is based off research done in family study laboratories. The author is invested as a university, trying to conduct and find research in regards to the theoretical perspective of corporal punishment. The perspective that is acknowledged is the open acceptance of corporal punishment throughout different cultures and times in our history. This was published September 5, 2005. Although 6 years old the way we view corporal punishment tends to remain the same.
Helping Children Figure Out Whether to Fight Or PlayMar 27, 11
Miller, Julie. “Helping Children Figure Out Whether to Fight Or Play.” New York Times: 14CN.1. National Newspapers Core. 1999. Web. 26 Feb. 2011
This source will give examples of some of the situations that come from physical punishment. This article will show that children in our schools have become more violent and resort to violence quicker. When children at a particular school were asked if faced with a situation where a fight was going to take place, many of them said they would just fight and get it over with. This article explains some of the alternate solutions that need to be utilized when it comes to disciplining our children. The main reasons for resorting to these alternative options are to help the children being punished make better decision all thru life. Let it be when in a verbal confrontation with the parent, or even a physical confrontation at school. This article was published April, 11 1999. Even though the information is over a decade old, it still relates to situations we face in schools today, when it comes to children in older grade levels they tend to resort to violence as an option.
Parental discipline and behavior problems in young childrenMar 27, 11
Brenner, Viktor, and Robert A. Fox. “Parental discipline and behavior problems in young children.” Journal of Genetic Psychology 159.2 (1998): 251+. Academic OneFile. Web. 26 Feb. 2011.
This source will show different affects that might be caused with corporal punishment. The source points out that verbal and physical punishment can be a cause of behavior problems later in life. Also points out that parental discipline is an important factor needed early in life, just in the correct manor. This article also points out the interaction theory, basically meaning that parenting focuses on how the behavior of the children is affected by the actions of the parent and vice versa. This article was published in 1998, still remains credited because of the issue regarding physical punishment has not changed.
Parents Poll shows Higher Incidence of Child AbuseMar 27, 11
LEWIN, TAMAR. “Parents Poll shows Higher Incidence of Child Abuse.” New York Times: B.16. National Newspapers Core. 1995. Web. 26 Feb. 2011
This source will portray how openly accepted physical punishment is. Based on this article Parents say more than 3 million children are kicked, punched, or struck with a hard object in the name of discipline. This article will show when they asked 1000 parents about corporal punishment at least 5% said they still use harsh forms of corporal punishment. It states in the article that the physical abuse and sexual abuse percentage is much higher than stated by Government Statistics. This source gives an exact number from the National Center of Child Abuse and Neglect, stating in 1993 more than 200,000 children were victims of physical abuse. This was published in 1995, although a while ago the information remains credited based on the new statistics published by the National Center of Child Abuse and Neglect.
Physical punishment and maternal beliefs in Sweden and CanadaMar 27, 11
Durrant, Joan E., Linda Rose-Krasnor, and Anders G. Broberg. “Physical punishment and maternal beliefs in Sweden and Canada *.” Journal of Comparative Family Studies 34.4 (2003): 585+. Academic OneFile. Web. 26 Feb. 2011.
This article will be used to point out that in Canada physical punishment is legally sanction behavior. Even with corporal punishment being openly accepted attitudes still remain negative towards spankings. The source will be an example that more reports of physical punishment are in Canada versus Sweden, but in both countries the attitudes towards spanking are generally negative. This article was published and reviewed in 2003. The relevance of mother’s negatively viewing physical punishment still tends to stay the same. As well the mothers who still use corporal punishment stays the same.
Spanking can Create Defiant KidsMar 27, 11
Faherty, John. “Spanking can Create Defiant Kids, Report Says.” Arizona Republic: A.1. 1007716 1006936 1007945 1007728. 2009. Web. 26 Feb. 2011
This article and source is very important because it will give the important reasons for disciplining children, and some of the affects it has as well. This article clearly points out that they are not trying to convey that children shouldn’t be disciplined, but that they should just in the correct manner. This article written by a professor in Michigan remains credited because of her direct experience as a mother of two children. She relates to parents problems and need to discipline children. She clearly points out that she is not against physical punishment, but the real trick in parenting is to get the attention of the child without having to spank, or take the situation to that level. This article is unbiased giving reasons and situation were spanking occurs and is acceptable and also giving situations where physical punishment wouldn’t be affective to the child because the message may confuse them. This article was published in 2009, being that the professor was a parent, the continued challenges all parents face tend to remain the same even to this day.
Violence by children against mothers in relation to violence between parents and corporal punishment by parentsMar 27, 11
Ulman, Arina, and Murray A. Straus. “Violence by children against mothers in relation to violence between parents and corporal punishment by parents *.” Journal of Comparative Family Studies 34.1 (2003): 41+. Academic OneFile. Web. 12 Mar. 2011.
This article is relevant by discussing the violence in children which could have been caused by corporal punishment. It also brings up another point about the affects of corporal punishment. This source says when ending violence against woman the ending of corporal punishment needs to happen as well. This is an academic journal which has been reviewed by its peers and still remains credited. This source acknowledges the violence between children and mothers, and some key points that were noticed while observing children’s behavior. Like both boys and girls hit mothers more than fathers, or at all ages slightly more girls than boys hit there parents. This article was published in 2003; this is very relevant to the effects of corporal punishment on children. It also gives several example of the violence within children due to physical punishment
During my research I was able to find somewhat of an answer to my question regarding the effects on children that are physically punished. Majority of the research clearly proves that we all do not agree with having to result to physical punishment on our children, but at the same time majority of parents have at one point had to result to physical punishment as a form a disciplining. Some research says any form of physical and verbal punishment can cause behavior problems, and other researchers notice the need to discipline children, just in the correct way. All the research in a sense clearly shows the behavior of the parent will affect the child, and the child’s behavior will affect the parent.