Week 6 Project – Nursing Thesis Help

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Week 6 Project
Please complete in the attached form section 6 and 7. Also there is an example attached as a reference.

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MSN Capstone Project Proposal Form
This is a building assignment that you will be completing over Week 1 through Week 9. This is a stepwise project proposal assignment in which you will complete one (1) section each week for your MSN Capstone Project Proposal. By the end of the Week 9, this form will have been filled in completely and your MSN Capstone Project Proposal will be completed. It is important that you keep up with the Weekly Assigned Section. Each section is graded separately on a weekly basis while the final completed form will be graded with an overall grade. Each week the student will receive feedback from the instructor and the student is expected to incorporate the instructor feedback to edit and improve the weekly sections. The Week 9 final Capstone Project Proposal with be based on students incorporating the instructor’s weekly feedback.
How to use this form.
· Must use the same form for all sections. The purpose is to have a completed the entire form by the end of the course.
· Complete the week’s section with the requested information.
· There are suggested word counts for each weekly section to provide you with an idea of what is expected.
· You are to write in full sentences, paragraphs, correct grammar, and spelling.
· Use APA formatting with citations and references list.
· Refer to the MSN Capstone Project Proposal Form Example found in Week 1 and in the Course Resources tab.
· Do not delete or edit the week section instructions.

· Do not lock the form because that will stop you from editing and revising within the form.

· Leave NO blank sections. All sections are graded separately.

· You may work ahead; however, the instructor will only grade the week’s section due for the assigned week and the form must be submitted each week.

· Read the item descriptions carefully. Items request very specific information. Be sure you understand what is requested.

· Use primary sources for any references. Textbooks are not acceptable as references.

Late Assignments: Students will receive a 10-point grade reduction for each day the assignment is submitted past the due date. After three (3) days past the due date, students will receive a zero (0) for that weekly section but must complete for the final Week 9 grading.

MSN Capstone Project Proposal Form
Student Name

Daniela Fernandez

MSN Program

Family Nurse Practitioner

Project Title

Stepwise Management of Asthma.

Week 1

State Your Clinical Question

[100 to 150 words]

· State your clinical question or topic for your capstone project proposal.

· What issue is the question/topic addressing?

· What are the reasons you selected this question/topic?

The topic proposed for the MSN Capstone project is Stepwise Management of Asthma. Asthma is one of the conditions that has raised a lot of concern in primary care due to its exponential increase. It can be described as a respiratory condition associated with attacks of spasm in the respiratory surfaces such as bronchi of the lungs. These attacks often lead to impaired breathing, affecting the well-being of people living with this condition. Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease whose symptoms cause the inflammation of bronchial tubes as well as narrowing of the airways. If untreated, asthma can be a deadly health condition. Over 14 million patient visits are recorded each year, and of these figures, nearly 2.5 million emergency room admission are recorded annually (Morris, 2020). Even though asthma does not easily kill, it has been found that the condition can kill, and most asthmatic patients who die are aged 50 years and above. Nevertheless, young children can also die out of Asthma.

As provided in the project topic, stepwise management of asthma will help healthcare professionals working in primary care to provide personalized patient care for asthmatic patients. Quality and effective asthma care must also involve treating other health conditions that may exacerbate asthma symptoms. Patients need to be enlightened on how a healthy lifestyle together with stepwise treatment of asthma can help achieve desired treatment outcomes. Good asthma care help patients control and manage asthma symptoms and promote their well-being. What needs to be understood is that with proper asthma treatment and management strategies, patients can be assisted to lead a normal active life (Slowiczek, 2019).

The compelling reason that led to the selection of stepwise management of asthma project is that asthma has been ranked as the most common chronic condition that affects young children. It is therefore regarded as a serious condition that affects over 25 million people in the United States only. It also causes an estimate of 1.6 million emergency room visits annually. Based on these facts, stepwise management of asthma will be the most appropriate healthcare approach to help combat the issues related to asthma. Stepwise management of asthma will also help provide patient education that will be vital in managing asthma and risk domains. (Yokoyama, 2018).

Week 2

Background Information

[200 to 250 words]

Address the following questions/bullets in completing this section:

· Start at the starting point – What, Where, When, Why, and How?
· What is known about this topic or what is the evidence on this topic (Scoping Search)?

· What is the outcome of interest?

· What are the gaps in our understanding or knowing related to this topic?

Asthma is a serious illness that has affected 25 million people across the globe. The disease is more vulnerable to women than male adults (Cloutier et al., 2018). Stepwise management of asthma needs serious interventions and cooperation between the healthcare professionals and the general public. The starting point to manage asthma is the requirement to provide a framework through emerging technologies to track the signs and symptoms and how effective the lungs are working. The second starting point is to treat asthma based on evidence-based practice while prioritizing children and the elderly.

There are various evidences about asthma based on scientific research. The first one is the leading and the most serious chronic illness among children. The chronic disease is triggered by allergies, including cockroach waste, mold spores, dust mites, and pollens. The asthma triggers differ from person to person. Asthma is closely associated with fungal substances through the allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis test (Prasad et al. 2020). Therefore, the authors found that antifungal therapy provides treatment benefits of sixty percent to patients.

The most interesting outcome is that this proposal will use evidence-based information from research and developments to mitigate the risk of asthma in causing death and other health complications. There are many gaps in achieving mitigation and eradication of asthma which are contributed by false misconceptions. For instance, many people believe that asthmatic people should not exercise. However, healthcare workers advocate for body exercise through evidence-practice since it strengthens lungs and control asthma. The second most interesting outcome is to advise the patients and the healthcare personnel to use emerging technologies to track and monitor asthma. For instance, electronic health records enable nurses to track how effective previous medicines promote quality health to a patient.

Week 3

Literature Search Strategies

[150 to 200 words]

Provide details of your exhaustive search process. Be certain to list:

· Databases searched.

· All the keywords or search phrases used.

· How many articles in total that were found?

· List the inclusion/exclusion criteria.

· Provide the number of articles that were retained and a description on why those articles were retained.

· Consider using a flowchart to outline the search process.

ProQuest Digital Theses, Dissertations, NLM, New York Academy of Medicine Grey Literature Reviews, SCOPUS, Web of Science, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, and PubMed databases from peer-reviewed and grey-literature were used during the research. The databases were credible since experts reviewed them before storing them in the database. The keywords used in the research include asthma, multimorbidity, chronic, person-centered, and psychological. The researcher searched for the articles using the framework using preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyze (PRISMA) (Saberi et al., 2018).

Initially, there were forty-eight topics that had been selected for the study. However, only thirty-four articles met the study’s criterion. Some of the articles did not provide information based on the medical framework, and therefore, some were very general. Some of the articles were published many decades ago and seemed not to address asthma disease based on the current challenges and the emerging technologies. Additionally, some of the articles were not English-related. Based on the criteria outlined for the studies, the fourteen articles never fulfilled the set rules and regulations.

The article’s authors only used thirty-four articles to develop the recommendations and the conclusion. The authors noted no standard assessment method to identify asthma (Sheehan et al., 2019). The authors recommended providing the most effective assessment method in the future to enhance diagnosis, prevention, and healing of asthma.

Week 4

Literature Review

[500 to 1000 words]

Conduct a review of the literature. Include at least five (5) research articles and/or evidence-based guidelines. Address the following questions/bullets in completing this section:

· Conduct a review of the literature.

· Provide the highlights from the research.

· Synthesize the literature on the topic.

· Summarize how the project will contribute to knowledge by filling in gaps, validating, or testing knowledge.

· Cite references in this section per APA and list the reference in the References section at the end of the form.

Based on Montalbano et al. (2020), the first literature review compare determined the quality of life with behaviors problems among asthmatic people. The article uses the MIMIC model to provide comprehensive, evidence-based information based on a quality assessment. The article indicates some behaviors such as somatic symptoms, depression, and anxiety reduce the quality of life among asthmatic children. The article based on Gupta et al. (2020) provided challenges, asthmatic children faced during the COVID-19 pandemic. The COVID-19 pandemic was less vulnerable to children than adults, and thus children were less likely to be admitted to intensive care. Various measures such as maintaining hygiene to reduce the spread of COVID-19 also work to the advantage of asthmatic people since there was a reduction in the number of asthmatic cases across the globe.

Landeo-Gutierrez and Celedón (2020) provided evidence on stress and psychological stress among asthmatic adults. The article indicates that exposure to chronic and acute stressors in the community, family, and individuals leads to severe complications among asthmatic people. Hufnagl et al. (2020) indicated that the lung microbiome and dysbiosis of the gut have a huge role in asthma. The article indicated genus haemophilus and phylum proteobacteria are more common among asthmatic patients. The study has shown that many asthmatic adults are associated with haemophilus parainfluenzae. Changes in asthma’s severity, particularly due to weather changes, relate to dysbiosis and the growth of Proteobacteria. Ahmed and Turner (2019) provided various risks and treatment among asthmatic children. The article indicated that anti-IgE biologic omalizumab is effective among children between 6 and 11. Additionally, the mepolizumab medication has been approved in European countries. The project will create more awareness on the importance of maintaining hygiene to reduce factors such as dusts that increases the complications of asthmatic people. Also, the project has provided evidenced information on the most effective medication to asthmatic children.

Week 5

PICOt Question

State your PICOt question here. Use the elements of the PICOt in separate sections below to describe each component.

· Population – Provide the description of the targeted population.

· Intervention – Describe your evidence-based intervention.

· Comparison – What is currently happening?

· Outcomes – List at least two (2) measurable outcomes.

· time – What duration of the study for the project? (e.g., usually 6 months or 3 months)

Population (P): Asthmatic children below ten years. Many children cannot achieve their highest academic goal due to many side effects of asthma, such as depression and anxiety.

Intervention (I): The intervention is conducting qualitative and quantitative research to provide evidence for asthmatic management among children below ten years. The most common intervention for asthma management is bronchodilators (quick-relief inhalers) (Benka-Cokerc et al., 2020). Since most asthmatic children are allergic to dust and animal waste, allergic management is also critical.

Comparison (C): There are various factors to compare the advanced effects of asthma among children. The first comparison measure is housing density and income, which measures the outcome by monitoring the hospital readmission. There is a relationship between housing density and income. For instance, there are few cases of asthma in areas where people are less populated. High-income rates enable a family to access mediations and early intervention from good hospitals, thus reducing the effects of asthma among children.

Outcomes (O): Effective asthma management can be measured through various outcomes. The first one has reduced school absenteeism. Proper asthma management will make students increase their quality of life, thus improving self-esteem and reducing school absenteeism. Additionally, the other outcome is a reduced rate of hospital readmission and visits to emergencies departments (Lovinsky-Desir et al., 2020). Therefore, proper asthmatic management will enable children to improve their academic performance, enhance self-efficacy and improve their quality of life. Through various healthcare insurance policy coverages, all people, including low-income families, have the same platform to access quality care with reduced cost.

Time (t): 90 days.

Week 6

P (Target Population)

[75 to 100 words]

Address the following questions/bullets in completing this section:

· Who is your target population?

· Describe your population, i.e., age, ethnicity, gender, condition/diagnosis, etc.?

· Describe the setting where this project be implemented?

Week 7

I (Intervention)

[100 to 200 words]

Address the following questions/bullets in completing this section:

· What are you planning to investigate or implement as a policy/process or program?

· What are you doing that is different than what is currently happening?

· List 2-3 potential actions that will be applied in this practice change.

NOTE: Be very specific in your description.

*For purposes of this Proposal Project Form the assumption will be that the C (Comparison Group) is ‘traditional care or current care’

Week 8

O (Outcomes to be measured)

[100 to 150 words]

Every project is required to have an evaluation plan. Address the following questions/bullets in completing this section:

· Which 2-3 outcomes are expected for your project?

· What outcomes will be measured?

· How do you plan to do this?

· What tool will you be using to measure your outcome(s)?

· What data will be used to validate success of the project?

Be sure your outcomes link to the identified problem.

· How will you know if your intervention resulted in change?

Week 9 & References

9.1 Conclusion

[200 to 250 words]

· Provide a summary for your MSN Capstone Project.

· Select and provide the rationale for three (3) competencies or specialty standards that you would expect to use in implementing this project [List of your specialty competencies are listed in the Week 9 Reflection Post]

9. 2 References

[Minimal of 5 research articles and references are paged on the last page.]

· Add your references in APA formats on the last page.

Logo Description automatically generated

References in APA format should begin on the next page.

CONPH MSN Capstone Form vFinal | 11/01//2021

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References

Ahmed, H., & Turner, S. (2019). Severe asthma in children—a review of definitions, epidemiology, and treatment options in 2019. Pediatric pulmonology, 54(6), 778-787

Benka-Coker, W., Hoskovec, L., Severson, R., Balmes, J., Wilson, A., & Magzamen, S. (2020). The joint effect of ambient air pollution and agricultural pesticide exposures on lung function among children with asthma. Environmental Research, 190, 109903.

Cloutier, M. M., Salo, P. M., Akinbami, L. J., Cohn, R. D., Wilkerson, J. C., Diette, G. B., … & Zeldin, D. C. (2018). Clinician agreement, self-efficacy, and adherence with the guidelines for the diagnosis and management of asthma. The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In practice, 6(3), 886-894.

Gupta, A., Bush, A., & Nagakumar, P. (2020). Asthma in children during the COVID-19 pandemic: lessons from lockdown and future directions for management. The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, 8(11), 1070-1071.

Hufnagl, K., Pali-Schöll, I., Roth-Walter, F., & Jensen-Jarolim, E. (2020, February). Dysbiosis of the gut and lung microbiome has a role in asthma. In Seminars in immunopathology (Vol. 42, No. 1, pp. 75-93). Springer.

Landeo-Gutierrez, J., & Celedón, J. C. (2020). Chronic stress and asthma in adolescents. Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, 125(4), 393-398.

Lovinsky-Desir, S., Deshpande, D. R., De, A., Murray, L., Stone, J. A., Chan, A., … & Kattan, M. (2020). Asthma among hospitalized patients with COVID-19 and related outcomes. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 146(5), 1027-1034.

Montalbano, L., Ferrante, G., Montella, S., Cilluffo, G., Di Marco, A., Bozzetto, S., … & Rusconi, F. (2020). Relationship between quality of life and behavioural disorders in children with persistent asthma: a Multiple Indicators Multiple Causes (MIMIC) model. Scientific reports, 10(1), 1-9.

Morris, M. J. (2020, September 18). What are the features of each step in a stepwise approach to pharmacotherapy in the treatment of Asthma according to the guidelines? Retrieved from https://www.medscape.com/answers/296301-8083/what-are-the-features-of-each-step-in-a-stepwise-approach-to-pharmacotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-asthma-according-to-the-guidelines

Prasad, K. T., Muthu, V., Sehgal, I. S., Dhooria, S., Singh, P., Sachdeva, M. U. S., … & Agarwal, R. (2020). The utility of the basophil activation test in differentiating asthmatic subjects with and without allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis. Mycoses, 63(6), 588-595.

Saberi, B., Dadabhai, A. S., Nanavati, J., Wang, L., Shinohara, R. T., & Mullin, G. E. (2018). Vitamin D levels do not predict the stage of hepatic fibrosis in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: A PRISMA compliant systematic review and meta-analysis of pooled data. World journal of hepatology, 10(1), 142.

Sheehan, O. C., Leff, B., Ritchie, C. S., Garrigues, S. K., Li, L., Saliba, D., … & Boyd, C. M. (2019). A systematic literature review of the assessment of treatment burden experienced by patients and their caregivers. BMC geriatrics, 19(1), 1-11.

Slowiczek, L. (2019, January 29). Inhaled Steroids: Uses, Side Effects, Benefits & Cost. Retrieved from https://www.healthline.com/health/inhaled-steroids.

Yokoyama, A. (2018). Advances in Asthma: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis and Treatment. Springer.

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